Sunday, 29 October 2017

Cholera and cemeteries

Over the last few weeks we've been looking at plague, fire, pesthouses and Dead Lane. So today, just for a change, I thought we'd have a look at cholera and cemeteries!

The first national outbreak of cholera in the UK was in 1831 and happened in Sunderland, entering the country by ship, a ship that was carrying infected sailors. From there it spread up to Scotland and down to London and claimed around 52,000 lives. I'm not sure if the disease came to Loughborough, but it certainly came to Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire in 1832. A Nottingham surgeon traced the origins of the disease to Bengal, and from there it came to Britain via Iran, Russia, and the northern European countries. Once in the country, he suggested that the disease was carried by boatmen along the Trent to Nottingham.

The people of Loughborough were very aware of the proximity of cholera, and in 1831 created a Board of Health to try and prevent the introduction of the disease to the town, and in the event it did take hold, to limit its spreading.

The Chair of the Board was C.G.Mundy, Esq., and other members were:
C.M. Phillipps, Esq. M.P., The Rev. Mr Holme, Dr Peach, Wm. Middleton, Esq., Wm. Paget, Esq.
and Messers: S.Hunt, J.H.Eddowes, Swann (Surgeon); Brewin, Fry, H.Toone, Thomas Craddock, Brock, Mowbray, G.Fowler, W.Dean, W.Henshaw, W.Gamble, John Palmer, and Lee.

The members agreed to report to the Chairman, the state of health of the town and villages that they visited in their professional capacity, if the infectious disease should appear.

A further outbreak of cholera occurred in 1848-9 and the Loughborough Board of Guardians (of the Poor Law) created a committee which comprised a chairman and vice-chairman, and the Guardians for Loughborough and Knightthorpe. This committee was expected to work with the surveyors of the highways to help improve the sanitary conditions of the area. The committee of the Loughborough Dispensary held a special meeting to see what might be done to limit the spread of cholera, leading to subscribers to the Dispensary being able to recommend for treatment anyone affected with a bowel complaint. 

On this occasion cholera did reach Loughborough. In 1841 the population of Loughborough was 24,669 and in 1848, 3 people died from the disease. The figures for deaths in 1849 are as follows: 6 (males) 1 (female) died of cholera; 11 (males) 3 (females) died from diarrhoea, making a total of 21 deaths.

The churchyard at the parish church was becoming full, and there was a general concern for hygiene and sanitary conditions in the crowded and overfilled churchyard. Such conditions were particularly a concern for the Rector at the time, Henry Fearon, who campaigned for a fresh water supply for the town, a feat finally accomplished in 1870. 

The government also introduced some new Acts, which resulted in Loughborough creating a Burial Board, who oversaw the building of a new cemetery on the outskirts of the town. This Board comprised some familiar names: Edward Chatterton Middleton (son of William mentioned above); Edward Warner; Beauvoir Brock; Henry Toone, Thomas Bennett, Benjamin Gray; George Wragg; Benjamin Baldwin and Robert Lander.

It's been a while since I've had the chance to wander through the cemetery and absorb the names on the memorials, but last week, I managed to do this. Earlier in September, on their health and safety walkthrough, the council had identified a number of memorials deemed to be unsafe and liable to topple, so there were quite a number of these now lying flat. There'd also been a bit of plant clearance too, which meant some graves were more accessible, and others almost hidden by plant debris.


Loughborough cemetery memorials

Loughborough cemetery memorials

Loughborough cemetery memorials


I wasn't looking for anything in particular, but did spot some familiar names - familiar now because of the research I've been doing into the town. 

Interestingly, the weekend before I'd been up at St Paul's church in Woodhouse Eaves, looking at the churchyard and the cemetery opposite. IN the latter I spotted some absolutely wonderful plot number markers, and thought it was a lovely idea, and helpful to folk looking for a specific plot.
Woodhouse Eaves cemetery showing plot marker
Plot marker left of memorial

Woodhouse Eaves cemetery closeup of plot marker
Close up of plot marker

Woodhouse Eaves cemetery showing plotmakers
Many plotmarkers

As far as I know there was nothing similar at Loughborough cemetery, although there is a map of the plots at one of the entrances. 


Loughborough cemetery map of plots
Map of plots at Loughborough cemetery

So, imagine my surprise when wandering around I came across some absolutely fantastic plot markers, which I certainly don't remember seeing before!! They were fabulous! Made of cast iron, I think (someone correct me, if I'm wrong please), and one of these I found right next to the grave of John Jones, possibly the iron founder, although I haven't had time to check the dates, so don't quote me on that one!


Loughborough cemetery plotmarkers

Loughborough cemetery plotmarkers



Loughborough cemetery plotmarkers


Loughborough cemetery memorials
John Jones memorial


Loughborough cemetery memorial and plotmarker
Gravestone and plotmarker


Loughborough cemetery plotmarker
Plotmarker

Hmm, I think that's enough about graves and cemeteries for now! It's almost 31st of October ...




You are welcome to quote passages from any of my posts, with appropriate credit. The correct citation for this looks as follow:

Dyer, Lynne (2017). Cholera and cemeteries. Available fromhttps://lynneaboutloughborough.blogspot.com/2017/10/cholera-and-cemeteries.html [Accessed 29 October 2017]

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Lynne  

2 comments:

  1. Fascinating as ever, Lynne. Have you got your (free) copy of For the Fallen? You get a shout-out on page 138.
    https://issuu.com/charnwoodarts/docs/for_the_fallen_

    ReplyDelete
  2. Hi Bill! Thanks for reading the blog and taking the time to comment!! Well I never did! Yes, I do have a copy, which KR gave me at Picnic in the Park, and I have read it, but perhaps didn't look at the last page!! Thanks! I hope you found something useful in the blog! Lynne

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